Prostate cancer affects a part of the male reproductive system called the prostate gland, whose primary function is to produce fluid in which sperm cells swim and get nutrition. As men get older, the prostate gland generally grows bigger. Prostate cancer is, however, not mere enlargement; it is an uncoordinated growth of cells of the prostate, which can spread to other organs, including the spine, lungs, and kidneys.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting men. While it can cause noticeable symptoms such as bloody urine, painful urination, and frequent urination, it may not present with any symptoms at all. The symptoms mimic those of BPH in the early stages. Ask your doctor whether and how you should be screened. If you notice symptoms suggestive of prostate cancer, please seek medical attention.